بررسی و تعیین میزان فلزات(Mo، Cu، Hgو As) درآب و رسوب رودخانه ارس در محدوده استان آذربایجان شرقی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 موسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور

2 پژوهشکده اکولوژی دریای خزر، موسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ساری

3 موسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران

4 اداره کل محیط زیست استان آذربایجان شرقی

5 موسسه پژوهش های برنامه ریزی، اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، وزارت جهاد کشاورزی، تهران

چکیده

این مطالعه به کیفیت آب رودخانه ارس براساس برخی فلزات (مولیبدن، مس، آرسنیک و جیوه) در چهار ایستگاه (از شهرستان جلفا تا 25 کیلومتر بعد از مرز نوردوز) طی چهار فصل در سال 95-1394 پرداخته است. برای این منظور تعداد 32 نمونه آب و رسوبات سطحی جمع آوری شد. میزان فلزها در نمونه های آب و رسوبات پس از آماده سازی (استخراج و عمل هضم) بوسیله دستگاه جذب اتمی اندازه‌گیری گردید. نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که تغییرات غلظت فلزات مولیبدن، مس، جیوه و آرسنیک در آب به ترتیب برابر 01/23-10/0، 0/40-0/3، 81/0-02/0، 6/104-7/23 میکروگرم بر لیتر (ppb) و رسوبات رودخانه ارس 6/111-1/0، 5/482-5/17، 145/0-0001/0، 6/303-8/46 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن خشک می باشد. نتایج نشان می دهد که آب رودخانه ارس بر طبق میانگین غلظت عنصر مس در کلاس III  (آلودگی متوسط) قرار دارد. غلظت عنصر مولیبدن آب در بیشتر فصول کمتر از حد مجاز بود. آب رودخانه ارس بر طبق میانگین غلظت عنصر جیوه و آرسنیک به ترتیب در کلاس IV  وII   قرار گرفته است. حداکثر غلظت عنصر مولیبدن و مس در رسوبات در تمام فصول در ایستگاه های 3 و 4 ثبت گردید که احتمالا به دلیل تخلیه فاضلاب های معادن حاوی مولیبدن، طلا و سایر فلزات کشور ارمنستان در ایستگاه 3 بوده است. غلظت آرسنیک در رسوبات از استانداردهای بین المللی مانند   WHO بیشتر بوده است اما غلظت جیوه کمتر ثبت گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study on Trace Elements (Mo, Cu, Hg and As) in Water and Sediments in Aras River in East Azerbaijan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Ramin 1
  • H. Nasrollahzadeh Saravi 2
  • M. Dostar 3
  • H. Ghasemi 4
  • N. Pourang 3
  • M. Baniamam 5
1 Fisheries Research Institute, Research, Education and Promotion Organization, Tehran
2 Iran Caspian Sea Ecology Research Institute, Research Institute of Fisheries Sciences of Iran, Organization for Research, Education and Promotion of Agriculture, Sari
3 Fisheries Research Institute, Research, Education and Promotion Organization, Tehran
4 Environmental Directorate of East Azarbaijan province
5 Institute for Planning Research, Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to determine water quality of Aras River (Western Azerbaijan), based on metals (Mo, Cu, As, Hg) at four stations (From Julfa to 25km after Nourdos border) during four seasons from 2015 to 2016. Thirty two samples of water and sediments were collected. All samples were analyzed using standard methods (digestion and extraction), using an atomic absorption specphotometer instrument. Results showed that Mo, Cu, As and Hg concentrations in waterand sediments ranged between 0.10-23.01, 3.0-40.0, 0.02-0.81, 23.7-104.6 µg/l, and 0.1-111.6, 17.5-482.5, 0.001-0.145, 46.8-303.6 µg/g.dw, respectively. As a conclusion, water quality of Aras River was classified as class III (moderately polluted) based on mean concentration of Cu. Mo concentration was found to be less than permissible level. Water quality of Aras River was classified as class IV and II based on mean values of Hg and As, respectively. Maximum levels of Mo and Cu in surface sediments were found at stations 3 and 4 during all seasons, which is because of effluents and sewage from Mo, gold and other metal mines from Armenia. Mean concentration of As at surface sediment was higher than recommended standard value, but concentration of Hg was lower than recommended value.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • elements
  • water
  • Sediment
  • Aras River
  • East Azerbaijan

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