عنوان مقاله [English]
Fish is one of the most significant and valuable food resources that plays an important role in nutraceutical foods and is the most important source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), in particular n-3 fatty acids. Increasing fish consumption is the only realistic way to increase the beneficial PUFAs and to create more favorable W-6: W-3 in the human food diet. The objective of this project was to determine the fatty acid composition of the muscle tissue of three species of brackish water fish, carp fish, white fish and beluga. In all three types of fish, oleic acid (C18:1c) concentration was the highest. The highest levels of PUFA found in beluga and white fish was linoleic acid (C18:2c) and in carp fish, docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6). The results showed that the saturated fatty acid in the studied species were 47, 50.2, 24.45 percent respectively. The results for PUFAwas 8.9, 15.9, and 40.73 percent and finally for MUFA were 45.6, 34.4, and 34.9 percent of total fatty acids, respectively. The W6:W3 ratio in these fish species was 0.64, 0.74, and 2.99 respectively. The total amount of fatty acids was analyzed using GC/MS and results were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance method (one - way ANOVA). No significant difference was observed among three studied species of fish (P>0.05). In all three species the unsaturated fatty acid levels were higher than the saturated fatty acid levels and according to their W6:W3 ratio, all three species are considered to be valuable sources of nutrition.
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